Nhok Thaem, A Famous Cambodian Writer​



Nhok Thaem was born on June 22, 1903, in Svay Por commune, Sangke district, Battambang province. His father's name is Nhum and his mother's name is Hiek. They were farmers in Otaki village, Chrey commune, Battambang province.

As a child in 1913, he went to school at Wat Po Veal pagoda, Sangke district, Battambang province. He studied the national alphabet under Acharya Sorn and studied Dharma Discipline under Sot Iv Touch at Po Veal pagoda. 

In 1918, he was ordained as a monk. As a monk, he studied Dharma, Discipline, and Pali Sanskrit in the presence of various teachers in Battambang province. He also studied abroad. He continued his studies in Bangkok, Thailand in 1919. 

He graduated with a Bachelors's degree in 1921 and a Masters's degree in 1923. In 1924 he became a monk, and in the same year, he graduated with a degree in briyotte Bali 3. He left the seminary in 1936.

Work
When he went to study in Thailand, he also worked there. He worked as a Pali teacher in Bangkok from 1927 to 1930, then returned to Phnom Penh to become a member of the Trinity Translation Committee at the Buddhist Academy. 

In 1938, he worked in the Royal Library of Cambodia, managing to publish various books and magazines in Kampuchea Sorya. The following year (1939), he represented Prince Norodom Sothearos and presided over the Phnom Penh Buddhist Academy along with other representatives to organize curricula and inauguration ceremonies of Buddhists in Luang Prabang and Vientiane in Laos. 

In 1942 he inaugurated the Department of Religious Affairs in Khleang Province, southern Vietnam, and in 1943 he was the organizer of the Buddhist curriculum in Pakse, Laos.

Nhok Thaem became a Khmer professor in the fifth grade of the School of Pedagogy in 1945. In 1946, he worked at the Buddhist Institute and was a lecturer at Sisowath High School. However, in 1950, he resigned from the Sasandabandit and joined the Ministry of National Education after the French transferred Sisowath High School to the national treasury, and he was a promised professor ever since. Six years later, in 1956, he applied to become a Khmer professor at Monivong High School in Battambang province. But in 1958 he moved back to work at the National Institute of Pedagogy in Phnom Penh as a professor and researcher of Khmer literature at the institute. He is a Khmer Professor at the Royal School of Administration.

Achievements
While studying and working in Thailand, he wrote books in Thai or Pali. These works include Namoktha Nana, Cheatak, Vannana, Dhammanittesa, Part 1, Tevata Phasit, and Puthphasit.

In addition, he has many works in Khmer, such as:

1. Brief History of Buddhism

2. Sub-Buddhism Part 1-2

3. Collection of Proverbs Part 1-2

4. Mhavessaandor Cheatak

5. Collection of Buddhist Proverbs

6. Nation Religion King

7. The Monster of Love (1942 Romance Novel)

8. Rose of Pailin (Novel published in 1936 or 1943)

9. Ek Saha Ratri (some translations)

10. Enter the Vedic Sutra (translated)

11. How to practice Dharma

12. Light of Asia (Translated)

13. Panhas Cheatak Summary Part 1-2

 

Source: chanbokeo.com | By: Sareth Moy

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